Belgif

Belgian Interoperability Framework

European Interoperability Framework 2.0

Verweis

COM(2010) 744 final, Annex II

Empfehlungen

1. Public administrations should align their interoperability frameworks with the European Interoperability Framework to take into account the European dimension of public service delivery.

There is no formal framework, as the EIF 2 recommendations are (re)used as guiding principles, hence there is no need to invent a specific framework.

2. Public administrations should ensure that public services are accessible to all citizens, including persons with disabilities and the elderly, according to e-accessibility specifications widely recognised at European or international level.

Several decrees and/or clauses in contracts mandating implementation of WCAG guidelins (or similar, like AnySurfer label).

3. Public administrations should consider the specific needs of each European public service, within the context of a common security and privacy policy.

This is implied by the Privacy Act and decrees, which is a transposition of EU directive 95/46/EU.

4. Public administrations should use information systems and technical architectures that cater for multilingualism when establishing a European public service.

Belgium has 3 official languages, so this is already implemented by default.

5. Public administrations should formulate together a long-term preservation policy for electronic records relating to European public services.

By law, the base registries have to implement preservation policies.

6. Public administrations should aim for openness when working together to establish European public services, while taking into account their priorities and constraints.

This is an abstract principle, but there are formal and informal meetings between administrations, and there is exchange of data, solutions and best practices.

7. Public administrations are encouraged to reuse and share solutions and to cooperate on the development of joint solutions when implementing European public services.

Some components have been published on JoinUp.eu, on github or have been contributed to open source communities like Drupal.

8. Public administrations should not impose any specific technological solution on citizens, businesses and other administrations when establishing European public services.

9. Public administrations should develop a component-based service model, allowing the establishment of European public services by reusing, as much as possible, existing service components.

Some JoinUp.eu components (e.g. OpenPeppol) are being reused by the administrations.

10. Public administrations should agree on a common scheme to interconnect loosely coupled service components and put in place the necessary infrastructure when establishing European public services.

Implemented by the Federal Service Bus and similar services at the regional levels by the various service integrators.

11. Public administrations should make their authentic sources of information available to others while implementing access and control mechanisms to ensure security and privacy in accordance with the relevant legislation.

Implemented by the "service integrators" and "egov" laws and decrees, formalizing relationships between regional and federal authorities.

12. Public administrations, when working to establish European public services, should develop interfaces to authentic sources and align them at semantic and technical level.

13. Public administrations, when working together to establish European public services, should use a common taxonomy of basic public services and agree on minimum service requirements for secure data exchange.

14. Public administrations should carefully consider all relevant legislation relating to data exchange, including data protection legislation, when seeking to establish a European public service.

By definition, the legislation has to be adhered to.

15. Public administrations should document their business processes and agree on how these processes will interact to deliver a European public service.

Implemented by eGov agreements and regular meetings between federal and regional level.

16. Public administrations should clarify their organisational relationships as part of the establishment of a European public service.

Implemented by the "service integrators" and "egov" laws and decrees, formalizing relationships between regional and federal authorities.

17. Public administrations working together to provide European public services should agree on change management processes to ensure continuous service delivery.

18. Public administrations should support the establishment of sectorspecific and cross-sectoral communities that aim to facilitate semantic interoperability and should encourage the communities to share results on national and European platforms.

Several administrations participate in JoinUp.eu working groups.

19. Public administrations should agree on the formalised specifications to ensure technical interoperability when establishing European public services.

20. Public administrations, when establishing European public services, should base interoperability agreements on existing formalised specifications, or, if they do not exist, cooperate with communities working in the same areas.

21. Public administrations should use a structured, transparent and objective approach to assessing and selecting formalised specifications.

CAMSS criteria are used, although typically no formal assessment is performed.

22. When establishing European public services, public administrations should prefer open specifications, taking due account of the coverage of functional needs, maturity and market support.

By Decision of the Council of Ministers in 2004, open specifications are prefered.

23. Public administrations should lead or actively participate in standardisation work relevant to their needs.

Several administrations participate in JoinUp.eu working groups on semantic specifications, and some have contributed to specifications developed by OASIS or W3C.

24. Public administrations should ensure that interoperability is ensured over time when operating and delivering a European public service.

25. Public administrations should establish a framework for the governance of their interoperability activities across administrative levels.